Sunshine Uzbekistan’s Appeal to the Oliy Majlis

by Nathan Hamm on 10/18/2005 · 6 comments

Sunshine Uzbekistan has issued an appeal to the Oliy Majlis. I’ll reprint it in Russian as well as what the machines offer up in English translation (though without formatting).

ОТКРЫТОЕ ОБРАЩЕНИЕ КОАЛИЦИИ НАЦИОНАЛЬНОГО ЕДИНСТВА «СОЛНЕЧНЫЙ УЗБЕКИСТАН» К СЕНАТОРАМ И ДЕПУТАТАМ ОЛИЙ МАЖЛИСА

Уважаемые сенаторы!
Уважаемые депутаты!
Уважаемые соотечественники!

Мы обращаемся к вам, сенаторам и депутатам, которым граждане, мы, ваши избиратели, доверили судьбы законодательной власти, свои судьбы на ближайшие пять лет.
Мы понимаем, как трудно вам работать под неимоверным давлением Аппарата президента и исполнительной власти, которые делают все для того, чтобы Олий Мажлис Республики Узбекистан стал карманной структурой, как и официально зарегистрированные политические партии.

Однако мы верим в вашу совесть и в ваши обещания своим избирателям сделать жизнь лучше.
13 мая в Андижане произошла трагедия. Да, возможно была провокация исламистских экстремистов – время все расставит по своим местам.

Однако, мы полагаем, что подобная провокация была бы совершенно невозможна, если бы обстановка в стране не была бы взрывоопасной. В стране где все пропитано Ложью, в стране, где более 4 миллионов безработных стали нелегальными мигрантами в России, Казахстане, Киргизии и других странах, где мардикер-базары перестали нас удивлять и возмущать, где произвол силовых структур стал нормой обстановка не может быть стабильной.
Андижанская трагедия стала возможной именно потому, что темные силы воспользовались объективно существующей готовностью людей к восстанию, к стихийному бунту!
Андижанская трагедия стала возможной именно потому, что власть совершенно не считается с людьми, их желаниями, проблемами, она не уважает свой народ, не верит в его силы, не допускает и мысли об его реальном участии в политике!

Политическая ситуация в стране находится в состоянии стагнации. Силовые методы стали подкрепляться истерическими поисками внутренних и внешних врагов. Сегодня режим Каримова предпринимает лихорадочные шаги по нормализации обстановки – выпускает Указы, дает обещания. Однако много раз обманутое этим режимом общество, население Узбекистана, уже ему не верит и никогда не сможет поверить вновь!

Власть пытается угрожать и усиливать давление на гражданское общество, закрывает неправительственные организации, пытаясь взять под контроль любое движение в обществе. Однако и эти шаги исполнительной власти не гарантируют стабильности.

Политические процессы идут, и будут идти и без разрешения властей – это закон развития общества! Но, уйдя в тень, процессы, протекающие в глубинных пластах общества могут принимать самые уродливые формы!

Не меняя отношения к гражданам, не уважая их политические права и свободы, их право на обустройство жизни своей страны, своего общества, своего государства невозможно добиться нормализации ситуации и стабильного развития.

Народ никогда не поверит власти, которая всеми силами отодвигает его от реального участия в политической, экономической и общественной жизни собственной страны!
Стабильность наступит тогда, когда вернется доверие людей к власти. А доверие может вернуться только тогда, когда вместо разнузданной и бессовестной лжи, вместо жалких подачек, люди услышат правду о положении в стране, почувствуют уважение к себе, увидят, что с их мнением считаются, что они что-то значат в своей собственной стране!
Нужен диалог! Он жизненно необходим всем – и государству и обществу!

Коалиция национального единства «Солнечный Узбекистан» уже пыталась обращаться к Президенту И. Каримову с приглашением к открытому и прозрачному для населения диалогу на основе предложенной ею программы по выводу Узбекистана из кризисной ситуации, но, к сожалению, безрезультатно.

Возможно, отказ Президента И. Каримова вступить с нами в диалог предопределен тем, что властная система современного Узбекистана вобрала в себя худшие черты средневековой деспотии, партийной бюрократии времен «застоя», разгул государственного насилия времен сталинизма. Именно эта система позволяет ее создателям и хранителям совершенно безнаказанно творить произвол, закрывая рот или вытесняя из Узбекистана всех, кто им мешает с помощью инструментов авторитарного государства.

Нужен, жизненно необходим диалог власти и оппозиции, чтобы нормализовать ситуацию!
Мы полагаем, что руководство страны в лице Президента Каримова и его аппарата относятся к оппозиции огульно, без дифференциации этих сил по критериям их политических и социально-экономических программ.

Однако, Олий Мажлис Республики Узбекистан не может быть безучастным сторонним наблюдателем идущих в Республике политических процессов. Мы верим, что в Олий Мажлисе есть здоровые силы, которые имеют право и должны принимать активное участие в политической жизни страны не только тогда, когда это позволит сделать или поручит им Президент!

В целях стабилизации ситуации в стране, недопущения эскалации насилия и хаоса, снятия напряжения в обществе, просим вас приступить к рассмотрению возможных конституционных путей решения возникшего кризиса власти.

Мы не рвемся к власти. Мы хотим лишь равноправного диалога, который оздоровит ситуацию, даст возможность вернуть страну на путь цивилизованного демократического развития, социально ориентированной рыночной экономики, сильного гражданского общества.

Мы, «Солнечная Коалиция», призываем вас стать инициаторами диалога, инициаторами поиска цивилизованных путей выхода из кризиса.

Мы просим вас признать за нами наше Конституционное право на регистрацию в Министерстве юстиции Республики Узбекистан, чтобы стать полноправными легитимными участниками политической жизни Узбекистана де-юре, поскольку де-факто мы таковыми являемся уже давно.

Мы призываем вас начать диалог со всеми оппозиционными режиму силами, осуждающими любые насильственные и экстремистские методы разрешения ситуации, противоречащие конституционным завоеваниям Узбекистана.

Мы готовы к конструктивному диалогу и ждем вашего ответа!

От имени Коалиции Национального Единства «Солнечный Узбекистан»

Санжар Умаров
Председатель 18 октября 2005 г.

And in English

OPEN TURNING OF THE COALITION OF NATIONAL UNITY “SUNSHINE UZBEKISTAN” to THE SENATORS and THE DEPUTIES OF OLIY MAZHLISA the respected senators! Respected deputies! Respected compatriots! We turn ourselves to you, to the senators and to deputies, to which citizens, we, your voters, entrusted the fates of constituent power, their fates to the next five years. We understand how it is difficult to you to work under the incredible pressure of the apparatus of the President and the executive power, which all make, so that Oliy Of mazhlis of the republic of Uzbekistan it would become pocket structure as the officially registered political parties. However, we believe in your conscience and in your promises to our voters to make life better. On 13 May in Andizhan occurred tragedy. Yes, there was possibly the provocation of Islamic extremists – time everything will arrange on its places. However, we assume that a similar provocation would be completely impossible, if the situation in the country not would be dangerously explosive. In the country where everything is impregnated with lie, in the country, where more than 4 million unemployed became illegal migrants in Russia, Kazakhstan, Kirghizia and other countries, where the mardiker- markets ceased to astonish us and to agitate, where the arbitrariness of primary structures became standard situation it cannot be stable. Andizhan tragedy became possible precisely because the dark forces used the objectively existing readiness of people for the uprising, for the spontaneous riot! Andizhan tragedy became possible precisely because the authority completely is not considered the people, their desires, problems, it does not respect its people, it does not believe in its forces, it does not allow and thought about its real participation in the policy! Political situation in the country is in the state of stagnation. Power methods began to be fortified by the hysterical searches of internal and external enemies. Today Karimov’s regime undertakes feverish steps on the normalization of situation – it lets out edicts, it gives promises. However, many times deceived by this regime society, the population of Uzbekistan, do not already to it believe and never it will be able to believe again! Authority attempts to threaten and to strengthen pressure on the civic community, are shut non-government organizations, attempting to take any motion in the society under the control. However, these steps of executive power do not guarantee stability. Political processes continue, and they will go, also, without the permission of authorities – this is the law of the development of society! But, after leaving into the shadow, the processes, which take place in the deep layers of society can take the most deformed forms! Without changing relation to the citizens, without respecting their political rights and freedom, their right to the equipping of the life of its country, its society, its state it is not possible to attain the normalization of situation and stable development. People never will believe authority, which by all forces moves aside it from the real participation in the political, economic and public life of their own country! Stability will begin when the confidence of people to the authority will return. But confidence can return only if instead of the unbridled and unscrupulous lie, instead of the pitiful tips, people will hear truth about the position in the country, will feel respect for themselves, will see, that they are considered their opinion that they mean something in their own country! Dialogue is necessary! It is vitally necessary for all – and state and society! The coalition of national unity “solar Uzbekistan” already attempted to be turned to President i. Karimov with the invitation to the open and transparent for the population dialogue on the basis of the proposed by it program according to the conclusion of Uzbekistan from the crisis situation, but, unfortunately, without result. Possibly, President i. Karimov’s refusal to enter with us the dialogue is predetermined by the fact that the imperious system of modern Uzbekistan absorbed into itself the worse features of the medieval despotism, party of the bureaucracy of the times of “stagnation”, the revelry of the state violence of the times of Stalinism. Specifically, this system allows for its creators and keepers to completely with impunity create arbitrariness, shutting mouth or displacing from Uzbekistan all, who them interfere with with the aid of the tools of authoritarian state. Is necessary, vitally necessary the dialogue of authority and opposition, in order to normalize situation! We assume that the management of the country in face of President Karimov and his apparatus they relate to the opposition without grounds, without the differentiation of these forces on the criteria of their political and social and economic programs. However, Oliy Of mazhlis of the republic of Uzbekistan it cannot be the apathetic strange observer of the political processes going in the republic. We believe that in Oliy Mazhlise is the healthy forces, which have right and must take active part in the political life of the country not only if this the President will make it possible to make or will charge to them! For purposes of the stabilization of situation in the country, the non-admission of the escalation of violence and chaos, stress relieving in the society, we request you to approach the examination of the possible constitutional methods of solution of the emergent crisis of authority. We do not vomit to the authority. We want only the equal dialogue, which will sanitate situation, will make possible to return the country to the way of civilized democratic development, socially oriented market economy, strong civic community. We, “solar coalition”, issue a call you to become the initiators of dialogue, the initiators of the search for the civilized ways of overcoming the crisis. We request you to recognize our constitutional right to the registration in the Ministry of Justice of the republic of Uzbekistan after us in order to become full-fledged legitimate participants in the political life of Uzbekistan de jure, since de facto we the same are already long ago. We issue a call you to begin dialogue with all oppositional to regime with the forces, which condemn any forced and extremist methods of the permission of situation, which contradict the constitutional achievements of Uzbekistan. We are ready to design dialogue and await your answer!

On behalf of the coalition of national unity “Sunshine Uzbekistan”
Sanjar Umarov the chairman on 18 October, 2005.


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This post was written by...

– author of 2991 posts on 17_PersonNotFound.

Nathan is the founder and Principal Analyst for Registan, which he launched in 2003. He was a Peace Corps Volunteer in Uzbekistan 2000-2001 and received his MA in Central Asian Studies from the University of Washington in 2007. Since 2007, he has worked full-time as an analyst, consulting with private and government clients on Central Asian affairs, specializing in how socio-cultural and political factors shape risks and opportunities and how organizations can adjust their strategic and operational plans to account for these variables. More information on Registan's services can be found here, and Nathan can be contacted via Twitter or email.

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{ 5 comments }

david_walther October 19, 2005 at 3:52 am

Wow. So much for pulling punches. And so much for the theory that Umarov might be “Karimov’s chosen successor”..

The machine translation is not terrible, but it doesn’t of course do any justice to the original. It’s well written, curt, and very, very ballsy… and in Russian! (As oppossed to Uzbek). Did you just pick up the Russian version, or did Umarov write the original document in Russian? If so, that may mean something.

So what I want to know now (and what I think would behoove all of us to know) is who stands behind Umarov? Is he powerful enough to stand on his own? Who are his friends (in positions of influence). I think this open letter can be seen as a gauntlet that he’s thrown down–and it’s about time we talk about who might be standing beside him.

We all know that this is not the kind of thing people say in Tashkent and keep their money or their freedom. This is the kind of stuff they crucify you for, needles to say… so if he’s untouchable, what makes him so?

Uzbek October 19, 2005 at 6:50 am

It is interesting for me as well!!!
Although I am an Uzbek I have never heard of Sanjar Umarov before, where he is, who is behind him, how come he is involved in politics and in opposition especially?
The extent of my knowledge about him is limited by what I have found in the centrasia.ru/person, information about him, apparently he wrote himself and posted. But it does not give any information on how he started to be involved in the opposition to the Karimov’s regime, it says that he and his partner were the initiators of Uzdonrobita, the leader in providing mobile telecommunications in Uzbekistan and later bought by Gulnora Karimova because it was making money and the last thing it says that in 1996 he initiated a foreign investment attraction project for the oil and gas industry in Uzbekistan, basically NHK UzbekNeftiGaz.
From what is said it could be inferred that if he was able to work, I mean to do business and make money in substantial amounts until 1996, because in Uzbekistan You can not make business in such a scale on Your own, You just do not go around attracting investment to the strategic sphere such as oil and gas without being under the spotlight of Karimov, SNB and MVD and without negotiating with them, finding so called “common language”. What I think happened is that as the case with many sound businessmen and politicians, he was able to work with Karimov and his people until 1997, after which as Karimov turned wild thinking that he owns the Uzbekistan and people are his slaves he as many others had to depart, because then Karimov decided that what he needs is a small number of SNB and MVD people as the support of his power and he can kick off others. As a result as many influential businessmen who were forced to leave to Kazakhstan, Russia, USA and Belgium he had to leave I guess to Russia or USA.
So interesting part is what happened during this gap years 1997-2004???
In the information about himself Sanjar Umarov in my opinion deliberately did not touch upon these later years, he just stopped at 1996.
So the answer who he is, Mr X prepared by Karimov himself, so he can leave him behind or genuine member of opposition could be known when we will have answer to what he did during these 7 years.
Below I give You the information on him posted at the Centrasia.ru/person.
By the way the fact that we wrote in Russian means nothing much, he was born in 1956 and they as older generation of Uzbeks were taught in Russian, studied in Russian schools and in general Russian culture was regarded as cool, where as now it is English, and most of the important people of the hierarchy in the Karimov’s apparatus speak and read in Russian and do not know Uzbek, although they are Uzbeks and say that Uzbek language is the state language and although the law was issued in 1989.

Centrasia.ru/person Sanjar Umarov
Родился в Ташкенте 7 апреля 1956 года в семье интеллектуалов и поклонников искусства. Отец – Гияс Умаров – физик, основатель гелиотехники в Узбекистане, Мать – Набира Шамсиева – преподаватель английского языка. У меня два старших брата и две младшие сестры. С детства в нашей семье царило уважение к творчеству и знаниям. Я женат, жена Индира Ниязова – кандидат искусствоведения. У нас три сына и две дочки, внучка.

Окончил Ташкентский институт инженеров ирригации и механизации сельского хозяйства. Получил специальность инженера-электрика, занимался научными исследованиями и преподавал в Ташкентском политехническом институте. Выучив французский язык, получил возможность преподавать физику и электротехнику в университете г. Бискра, в Алжире.

На академическом поприще в 1989 году принимал участие в организации совместно с Республиканским экономическим обществом и Всесоюзной академией внешней торговли одной из первых в Узбекистане бизнес – школ. Таким образом, наши молодые люди получили возможность учится международному бизнесу у самых лучших профессоров и преподавателей Москвы.
В основном, занимался привлечением инвестиций в Узбекистан, а также сам вкладывал на начальном этапе в перспективные проекты – говоря на языке финансистов – я “венчурный капиталист”. Прокомментирую это на примере развития моих бизнес – проектов.

По возвращении из Алжира в 1988 г. с учетом открывшихся в то время возможностей по развитию предпринимательства и больших перспектив мобильной связи я начал ее внедрение, результатом чего явилось создание в феврале 1991г. первой в СССР компании сотовой связи “Уздунробита” с привлечением американских инвестиций.
Успех первого проекта окрылил меня, а приобретение Узбекистаном независимости дало возможность привлекать иностранные инвестиции в сельскохозяйственное производство. Это дало возможность в 1992 году мне с партнерами по бизнесу инициировать создание Республиканского внешнеэкономического объединения “Узагротрейдинвест”. Это объединение было призвано привлекать иностранные инвестиции в переработку фруктов и овощей, с их последующим экспортом.

Кроме того, разработанная нами концепция легла в основу инвестиционной программы Мирового банка по созданию в 1996 году в Узбекистане нескольких частных хлопкоперерабатывающих заводов. В последующем занимался привлечением инвестиций в нефтегазовую отрасль. Так в 1996 году способствовал привлечению американских инвестиций в создание совместной Узбекско-Американской транспортной компании “Нефтегазтранс”, по логистике жидких углеводородов и промышленного оборудования.

Последний наш проект – это создание в Узбекистане завода по производству жидкого топлива из природного газа – технология “Газ-в-жидкость” (ГВЖ). Как известно, Узбекистан богат природным газом, но в то же время добыча нефти быстро падает. ГВЖ завод позволит восполнить этот недостаток. Предприятие предполагается построить за счет 1 млрд. долларов прямых североамериканских инвестиций без требований правительственной гарантии.

Nathan October 19, 2005 at 9:16 am

You can probably find more info here.

David, i don’t want to speculate too much about your questions. I know there are some readers who have a dim view of him, and I know there are others who could give you accurate answers. He says that he has run into trouble in this interview. And, in answer to your language question, he wants to make Russian an official language, so, yep, this letter came out in Russian.

A.U. October 19, 2005 at 11:07 pm

BBC Coverage: “…..Meanwhile, the leader of an opposition group, Sunshine Uzbekistan, has written an open letter to the Uzbek parliament calling on deputies to begin talks with them.

The letter says the violence in Andijan was only possible because of the explosive political and economic situation.

It says people no longer believe the government of President Islam Karimov, which was engaged in what it called “an hysterical search for enemies”….” — http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/4358746.stm

Also the open letter is covered by Tashkent based news sites: Arena and Tribune-uz

david_walther: You can be assured about Sanjar Umarov’s knoweledge of Uzbek language, in fact you can listen to him speak on radio (Ozodlik, VOA, BBC) or you can meet him in Tashkent

david_walther October 20, 2005 at 3:28 am

Au:

I had no doubts that Umarov speaks Uzbek. But as you (anyone reading) must know if you’re been following Uzbekistan for several years, Russian had been all but banished officially for government work–even though, since I meet people in government occaisionally (no one important, but anyway) I know full well that many of them in fact prefer to speak Russian.

My point was that, as has already been noted by others, Uzbekistan made a drastic 180 degree turn in terms of Russia and Russian culture just as it turned it’s back on the US–yesterday, we were their best friends in the world, and Russians were their colonial oppressors, and now we are supporting terrorists and trying to establish an islamic caliphate in the Ferghana Valley and the Russians are their only real friends, the only ones who really understand what incredible danger they are in (sic).

Whoever leads Uzbekistan next will have to make a choice about which road to walk down next in terms of the old cold-war axis: given that Mr. Umarov is a very well educated man and lived in the US for several years and does business there, I have no doubt that he could also have written his complaint (or doubled it) in English if he chose to: I was only speculating that choosing to write it in Russian (as opposed to Uzbek for Uzbekistan, or English for the international stage) might have told us something about who he percieved his audience to be.

I don’t think Putin likes Karimov. I think you can see it on his face when he has to stand next to him at press conferences. Although he is diplomatic, and calculating, I don’t think Putin makes too much effort to fake he’s impressed at Uzbekistan suddenly becoming his best friend (that is to say, Karimov suddenly becoming his best friend).

While someone mentions, it may have in fact been more natural for Mr. Umarov to write the letter in Russian, since he is a well educated man and Russian is the language of his education etc etc, I suspect that it might be more significant than that. As much as I love Russian (and defend my choice not to learn Uzbek), I have to admit when I go out to visit a village in the valley in particular that people out there don’t speak Russian all that well, and many not at all. In other words, I doubt very much that Umarov intends this letter to fuel the fire of popular dissent in Uzbekistan. I think it has another primary audience, one maybe more important to him (or much more important to him) than the Oliy Majlis.

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